lens aperture Archives - Valerie Hayken Photography and Design

Blog Archives

Camera Lens Basics – Numbers on a Camera Lens

What are the numbers on a camera lens?

Camera Lens Terms Standard: Focal length roughly equivalent to what the eye sees. Ex. Full Frame DSLR = 40mm; APS-C = 35mm. Film SLR = 50mm. Wide: Focal length under standard lens Ex. 24mm f/1.4 Telephoto: Focal length over standard lens. Ex. 100mm f/2.8 Prime: Fixed focal length, any mm. Ex. 14mm, 85mm, 100mm Zoom:
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All About Lens Flare

Annular Eclipse Photo with Lens Flare

Lens flare can be an unplanned challenge when shooting, but it doesn’t have to ruin your photograph.

5 Ways Depth of Field Preview Can Save Your Photograph

Depth of Field Preview

When composing a photograph, it’s important to know what elements are in focus and what aren’t. That’s where the Depth of Field preview button helps!

Quick Tips to Better Landscape Photography

Tips to Improve Your Photography

6 quick and easy tips to consider when photographing in the outdoors. Take your photography to the next level!

Photographing a Lunar Eclipse

Photographing a Lunar Eclipse

The next Lunar Eclipse will be Dec 20 – 21, 2010; here are some exposure tips to help you photograph it!

Back to the Basics: Exposure Triangle

Exposure Triangle

We have just taken complete control over the image exposure, depth of field and sharpness! Say goodbye to Auto mode!

Back to the Basics: Aperture / F-stop part 2

Exposure Triangle: Aperture

If you want your foreground, middle ground and background to all be in focus, then you should choose a smaller aperture (f/16, f/22). If you want to replicate the effect of your photo that had just the foreground in focus, then try f/4 or f/2.8.

Back to the Basics: ISO

Exposure Triangle - ISO

ISO is a measurement of how sensitive the film or digital sensor is to light. It’s not just for your film cameras. Although you’re not loading a digital camera with a specific speed of film, setting the ISO is just as important.

Back to the Basics: Shutter Speed

Exposure Triangle: Shutter Speed

Shutter speed determines the amount of time that the shutter is open. It’s measured in fractions of seconds. As with Aperture, from one shutter speed to the next, the time is halved or doubled.

Back to the Basics: Aperture / F-stop

Exposure Triangle: Aperture

When shooting in lower light, you need a larger aperture setting on your camera (larger hole). When shooting in brighter light, you need a smaller aperture setting (smaller hole). Changing the size of the hole controls the amount of light that hits the sensor / film. Aperture is measured by f-stops. You may have seen them written this way: f/2.8, f/4, f/5.6, f/8, f/11 f/16, etc

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